Electric Vehicles

U.S. EV Policy Report

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Through regional, state, and federal initiatives, EV ownership is becoming more and more economical for everyday people.

On a national scale, the driving force behind electric vehicle (EV) adoption continues to be the federal $7,500 rebate for the purchase of a qualifying plug-in EV. Thanks to the Inflation Reduction Act, the rebate was extended and certain manufacturer production caps were eliminated, although only vehicles with final assembly in North America qualify. This, in tandem with the National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure funding from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, have earmarked nearly $100 billion for EVs and EV infrastructure across the country. All of this funding is aimed at resolving the double-edged issue facing EV adoption in the US: Why should people purchase an EV when the infrastructure isn’t there? And why should a national charging network be developed when so few people own EVs?

The general state-based strategy remains to be offering EV and electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) rebates, direct grants, and other tax incentives. Some states take things a step further, offering additional perks like HOV lane exemptions. This Q1 2023 report dives headfirst into which states are offering incentives, what their value is, and other EV bonuses that can be found across the country. In a weighted assessment of all 50 states, DG+ evaluated the incentives above, EV registrations by state, the availability of EV chargers, retail electricity prices, and total state NEVI funding to present the DG+ State Scorecard, ranking all 50 states in terms of EV favorability through both policy and economic drivers. Coming out on top this time: New Jersey, followed by California and Oregon.

The report also includes a total cost of ownership (TCO) model over five years for owning an EV versus an internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle. The model compares analogous models, pitting the Ford F-150 SuperCrew against the F-150 Lightning EV SuperCrew. According to DG+’s TCO model, owning an EV is cheaper than an ICE vehicle in every state in the nation, with monthly savings ranging from $51 in Alaska, to $239 in Oregon.

On a broader scale, this report discusses the historic amount of funding dedicated towards EV infrastructure development and incentives. Federal investments come mostly from last year’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law and its NEVI program, and the recently-signed Inflation Reduction Act, as well as continued Department of Energy allocations. Despite all this funding, residential areas are typically underinvested in for EV accessibility, especially in low-income communities, which will be of utmost importance moving forward, if the US hopes to create an equitable transition to EVs. Although the U.S. has a long way to go to make owning an EV the norm for all communities, this report describes the immense progress being made.

Why market research?

As local markets change dynamically and policies remain difficult to navigate, clean energy organizations are currently forced to choose between the overwhelming flow of free information and high-priced market intelligence subscriptions that are often too expensive for small- and medium-sized firms.

At DG+, we provide succinct information that cuts through the noise and gets to the point. Reports include details on current events, opportunities and challenges, policy summaries, pricing analysis, and market share data.

See what's inside

U.S. EV Policy Report

Q1 2023
Free Download Below

The DG+ U.S. EV Policy Report takes a look at federal, state, and regional-level policy initiatives that impact electric vehicle (EV) accessibility across the country.

Inside This Report

What's included in
this report.

  • Contents
  • Summary
  • U.S. Snapshot
  • Highlights
  • Opportunities
  • Challenges
  • Recent News
  • Policy Overview
  • Key Legislation
  • Policy Drivers for Electric Vehicles by State, Q1 2023
  • Relevant Economic Drivers for Electric Vehicles by State, Q1 2023
  • Total Cost of Ownership
  • TCO Methodology
  • EV and ICE Comparison
  • Est. Monthly EV Savings by State, Five-Year Ownership
  • Total Cost of EV Ownership by State, Ford F-150 Lightning EV SuperCrew
  • Total Cost of ICE Ownership by State, Ford F-150 XL SuperCrew
  • State Scorecard
  • Methodology
  • State EV Scorecard
  • Scorecard Policy Drivers
  • Scorecard Economic Drivers
  • Scorecard Results
  • Scorecard Heatmap
  • State Scoring by Category
  • Top State Profiles
  • New Jersey
  • California
  • Oregon
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